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Laminate Flooring in a Hallway

What is Laminate Flooring: Everything You Need to Know

You may have heard of laminate flooring when looking for the ideal kind of flooring to match your space. Because of their attractive appearance, the laminate floor has captured thousands of consumers' attention.

Enhancing your home or office with a laminate floor is a fairly smart option. It will help you change the entire appearance by providing durability and a wide choice of style alternatives at budget-friendly costs.

However, sometimes choosing the right flooring can be challenging due to so many options available in the market. When purchasing laminate flooring, a range of finishes needs to be considered, such as the type, thickness, and installation method.

This guide will help you to choose laminate flooring that's right for your home or workplace.

Laminate is a versatile and popular flooring option. Laminate flooring is a synthetic product that replicates the look of natural materials such as hardwood, stone, or tile. It is composed of multiple layers, including a wear layer, a high-resolution image layer, and a core layer made of composite materials. Laminate flooring offers a wide range of benefits, including affordability, durability, and ease of installation. With its realistic designs, low maintenance requirements, and cost-effectiveness, laminate flooring has become a preferred choice for homeowners and commercial spaces alike. This guide will explore the features, advantages, and design possibilities of laminate flooring, and let us assist you in finding the perfect option to enhance your living or working space.

What is Laminate Flooring Made Of?

Although laminate flooring shares a similar overall architecture, they contain a variety of material layers.

Wear Layer: The topmost layer of laminate flooring is the wear layer, which is designed to protect the flooring from scratches, stains, and fading. It is typically made of a clear, strong, and transparent melamine resin that shields the floor from everyday wear and tear.

Design Layer: Beneath the wear layer lies the design layer. This layer features a high-resolution photographic image that replicates the look of natural materials such as hardwood, stone, or tile. Advanced printing technology allows for a wide variety of realistic and visually appealing designs.

Core Layer: The core layer is the backbone of laminate flooring and provides stability and structural integrity. It is typically made of high-density fiberboard (HDF) or medium-density fiberboard (MDF). HDF is denser and more durable, making it a common choice for laminate flooring.

Backing Layer: The bottommost layer, known as the backing layer, provides additional support and stability to the laminate flooring. It helps to resist moisture from the subfloor and prevents the floor from warping or buckling. The backing layer is often made of melamine or a moisture-resistant material.

Together, these layers create a durable and visually appealing flooring option that can withstand everyday use. Laminate flooring offers the beauty and elegance of natural materials while providing the benefits of easy maintenance and affordability. It is an excellent choice for homeowners and commercial spaces seeking a versatile and cost-effective flooring solution.

Types of Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring offers a wide variety of options to suit different styles, preferences, and budgets. Understanding the different types of laminate flooring can help you find the perfect fit for your space. Explore the following types of laminate flooring available at Riemer Floors:

  1. Wood-Look Laminate: This type of laminate flooring replicates the appearance of natural hardwood. It offers a wide range of wood species, grain patterns, and finishes, allowing you to achieve the desired aesthetic of hardwood floors without the cost and maintenance associated with real wood.
  2. Tile-Look Laminate: Tile-look laminate flooring mimics the look of various types of tiles, including ceramic, stone, or marble. It offers the beauty of tile flooring with the added benefits of laminate, such as affordability, durability, and ease of installation.
  3. Stone-Look Laminate: Stone-look laminate flooring captures the elegance and texture of natural stone, such as slate, travertine, or granite. It provides a realistic appearance while offering the advantages of laminate, including greater affordability and easier maintenance compared to natural stone.
  4. Embossed or Textured Laminate: Laminate flooring can come with embossed or textured surfaces that add depth, dimension, and authenticity to the flooring. Embossed laminate can imitate the feel of wood grain or natural stone textures, providing a more realistic and tactile experience.

Differences Between Laminate and Luxury Vinyl Flooring

Laminate flooring is a versatile and cost-effective option that offers several advantages over luxury vinyl flooring. Here are some key differences to consider when choosing between laminate and luxury vinyl:

Composition: Laminate flooring is composed of multiple layers, including a wear layer, a design layer, a core layer, and a backing layer. Luxury vinyl flooring, on the other hand, consists of layers such as a wear layer, a photographic layer, and a backing layer. The composition of laminate flooring provides enhanced durability and stability.

Aesthetic Appeal: Laminate flooring offers a wide range of realistic designs that replicate the look of natural materials like hardwood, stone, or tile. It provides a convincing appearance of these materials at a more affordable price point compared to luxury vinyl. Laminate flooring also offers options with embossed or textured surfaces, adding depth and authenticity to the flooring.

Water Resistance: While laminate flooring is highly durable and can withstand everyday spills, it is not as water-resistant as luxury vinyl flooring. Luxury vinyl flooring has superior water resistance, making it a suitable choice for areas prone to moisture such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements.

Installation: Laminate flooring is known for its ease of installation, often utilizing a click-lock system that allows for straightforward and efficient installation without the need for adhesives. Luxury vinyl flooring also offers similar installation methods. However, laminate flooring may be easier to install for DIY enthusiasts due to its simple installation process.

Comfort: Laminate flooring provides a solid and authentic feel underfoot. It offers a firm surface that is similar to hardwood flooring. Luxury vinyl flooring, on the other hand, provides a softer and more cushioned feel, making it more comfortable to walk or stand on for extended periods.

Price: Laminate flooring is often more budget-friendly compared to luxury vinyl. It provides an affordable alternative to natural materials like hardwood or stone while still offering a similar aesthetic. Laminate flooring offers excellent value for those looking to achieve a high-end look without breaking the bank.­

Things to Look Out for When Buying Laminate Flooring

When buying laminate flooring, there are several important factors to consider in order to make an informed decision. Here are the top things to look out for or consider:

Quality and Durability

Opt for high-quality laminate flooring that is built to withstand daily wear and tear. Look for products with a durable wear layer and a thick core layer, as these contribute to the overall durability and longevity of the flooring.


Consider the thickness of the laminate flooring. Thicker laminate tends to be more durable and can better withstand impacts and foot traffic. A thickness of 8mm or more is generally recommended for residential use.

AC Rating

Check the AC rating of the laminate flooring. This rating indicates the product's resistance to abrasion, stains, impact, and other factors. Higher AC ratings (ranging from AC1 to AC5) are suitable for different levels of foot traffic, with AC3 or higher recommended for residential use.

Design and Aesthetic Appeal

Laminate flooring offers a wide range of designs, colors, and textures. Choose a style that complements your interior décor and personal preferences. Consider the authenticity of the wood or stone look, as well as the embossing or texturing for a realistic appearance.

Water Resistance

If you plan to install laminate flooring in areas with moisture or high humidity, consider the water resistance properties of the product. Look for options with features like water-resistant cores or moisture-locking systems, which can provide better protection against water damage.

Installation Method

Determine whether the laminate flooring utilizes a click-lock or glue-down installation system. Click-lock systems are popular for their ease of installation and allow for a floating floor, while glue-down options provide a more permanent and secure installation.


Check the warranty offered by the manufacturer. Look for products with comprehensive warranties that cover issues such as wear, staining, and water damage. Be sure to understand the terms and conditions of the warranty before making a purchase.


Consider your budget and look for laminate flooring options that offer the best value for your money. While affordability is a key advantage of laminate flooring, it's important to balance cost with quality and durability.

By considering these factors, you can confidently select the right laminate flooring that meets your needs in terms of aesthetics, durability, and budget. Our knowledgeable team at Riemer Floors is here to guide you through the selection process, providing expert advice and a wide range of laminate flooring choices. Visit our showroom or contact us today to explore the possibilities and find the perfect laminate flooring for your space.

Installation Process and Tips for DIY Customers

A Professional Who is Installing Laminate Flooring

Installing laminate flooring can be a rewarding DIY project with the right tools and knowledge. Here is a general overview of the installation process along with some helpful tips to ensure a successful installation of laminate flooring:

  1. Acclimate the Flooring: Before installation, allow the laminate flooring to acclimate to the room's temperature and humidity for at least 48 hours. This helps prevent any potential issues with expansion or contraction after installation.
  2. Prepare the Subfloor: Ensure that the subfloor is clean, level, and dry. Remove any existing flooring and address any imperfections or unevenness. Install a vapor barrier or underlayment if recommended by the manufacturer or necessary for moisture protection.
  3. Layout and Measurement: Plan the layout of the laminate flooring, considering the direction of the planks for the best visual effect. Measure the area accurately, accounting for any irregularities or obstacles.
  4. Install the Underlayment: If not preattached to the laminate planks, install the underlayment according to the manufacturer's instructions. This helps reduce noise, provides cushioning, and acts as a moisture barrier.
  5. Cut the Planks: Using a circular saw or a laminate cutter, cut the planks to fit the dimensions of the room. Remember to account for expansion gaps around the perimeter of the room and any fixed objects like doorways or cabinets.
  6. Install the First Row: Start in a corner of the room and lay the first row of planks with the groove side facing the wall. Use spacers to maintain a consistent expansion gap along the wall.
  7. Click-Lock Installation: For click-lock laminate flooring, connect the planks by angling them and clicking the tongue into the groove. Use a tapping block and a mallet to ensure a snug fit without damaging the planks.
  8. Continue Installation: Lay subsequent rows of planks, connecting them at an angle and locking them into place. Stagger the end joints of adjacent rows, typically by at least 6 inches, for a more visually appealing and stable installation.
  9. Trim and Transition Pieces: As you approach the walls or transitions to other flooring surfaces, cut the planks to fit accordingly. Install baseboards or molding to cover the expansion gaps and create a finished look.
  10. Finishing Touches: Once the laminate flooring is installed, remove any spacers and clean the floor. Install transition pieces, such as T-molding or reducers, to provide a smooth transition between rooms or different flooring types.

Helpful Tips:

  • Read and follow the manufacturer's installation instructions carefully.
  • Use proper safety equipment, including safety glasses and knee pads.
  • Take breaks as needed to ensure accuracy and prevent fatigue.
  • Maintain a consistent expansion gap around the perimeter and fixed objects.
  • Avoid installing laminate flooring in areas prone to excessive moisture, such as bathrooms or laundry rooms, unless specifically designed for it.
  • Consider hiring a professional installer for complex installations or if you're unsure about the process.

Remember, proper installation is crucial for the longevity and performance of your laminate flooring. If the DIY route is not the right fit for you, Riemer Floors has installation services that are here to assist you.

Frequently Asked Questions About Laminate Flooring

Is laminate flooring durable?

Yes, laminate flooring is highly durable. It is designed to withstand everyday wear and tear, making it a great choice for high-traffic areas in both residential and commercial spaces.

Can laminate flooring be installed in moisture-prone areas like bathrooms?

While laminate flooring is water-resistant, it is not recommended for installation in areas with excessive moisture, such as bathrooms or laundry rooms. Extended exposure to moisture can cause damage to the flooring. In such areas, it's better to consider waterproof flooring options like luxury vinyl or tile.

Can laminate flooring be installed over existing flooring?

In many cases, laminate flooring can be installed over existing flooring such as vinyl, linoleum, or hardwood, as long as the surface is clean, level, and in good condition. However, it is important to consult the manufacturer's guidelines and ensure proper preparation before installation.

How should I clean and maintain laminate flooring?

Laminate flooring is known for its easy maintenance. Regular sweeping or vacuuming is recommended to remove dust and debris. Use a damp (not wet) mop or a manufacturer-approved laminate cleaner for deeper cleaning. Avoid using excessive water or harsh cleaning agents, as they can damage the flooring.

Can laminate flooring be installed in a DIY project?

Yes, laminate flooring can be installed as a DIY project, especially with the availability of click-lock or glueless installation systems. However, it requires precision and attention to detail. If you are unsure or have a more complex installation, it is recommended to seek professional assistance for the best results.

How long does laminate flooring typically last?

The lifespan of laminate flooring depends on factors such as the quality of the product, maintenance, and level of foot traffic. On average, laminate flooring can last 15-25 years or even longer with proper care.

Can laminate flooring be refinished or repaired?

Unlike hardwood flooring, laminate flooring cannot be refinished. Damaged or worn planks are generally replaced by removing and installing new ones. It is advisable to keep some extra planks from the original installation for such instances.

Is laminate flooring suitable for people with allergies?

Laminate flooring is a good choice for people with allergies because its smooth, non-porous surface does not trap allergens like dust, pet dander, or pollen. Regular cleaning helps maintain a healthier indoor environment.